When filling your pool or washing off the car after a long day at work, having an outdoor faucet that works efficiently is essential. Understanding the different types of outdoor faucets and their installation is the key to selecting one suitable for your requirements.
Spigots, hose bibs, compression valve and ball valve faucets are all available to choose from. No matter your need or situation, these different faucet types will meet your requirements perfectly.
Spigots are outdoor faucets that connect directly to your home’s water supply line. Usually made of brass or plastic, you can find them at most hardware stores for under $20.
Spigots, unlike other outdoor faucets, don’t provide protection from freezing temperatures. That is why it is critical to select the appropriate outdoor spigot for your needs and climate.
Some spigots are designed with freeze-proof features to prevent ice buildup. These may be referred to as anti-siphon spigots, frost proof faucets, or freeze proof hose bibs.
These faucets function by compressing a stopper with rubber washer onto the inlet port of the water spigot to stop its flow when turned on. They’re popular among residential properties due to their straightforward design and ease of upkeep.
Many older spigots don’t include this feature, leaving them vulnerable to frozen pipes. Therefore, it is essential that the spigot be installed correctly.
Additionally, inspect the spigot’s pitch and stem. They should be slightly downward so that water drains when turned off; if not angled this way, water can accumulate inside and ice may form on it, leading to burst pipes.
Additionally, it’s wise to remove any hoses or splitters attached to your spigots before winter arrives. Doing so prevents water from freezing inside the hoses or fittings and also keeps them from becoming caught on trees or other objects.
Finally, ensure the spigot is covered with a cover or sealant to avoid drafts and reduce energy costs.
Two types of covers are available: rigid thermal foam with a flexible gasket, or flexible insulated bags that secure around the base of your spigot. Both these insulated products can be found at most home improvement stores or online for less than $10-20 depending on which model you select.
Once all these steps are completed, it’s time to reassemble the spigot and test for leaks or other problems. If any remain, contact your plumber for repairs.
Hose bibs are simple connections that attach to your outdoor hose pipe. They’re an everyday feature in homes and may go by different names such as outside faucet, sillcock, or spigot depending on where you live.
These devices can be used for watering gardens and lawns, washing cars, filling water buckets and pots – even as a drinking fountain or source of water for pets!
Some hose bibs feature valves that automatically shut off water supply when closed, making them an ideal option for homeowners who want to avoid having to turn off their homes’ plumbing in wintertime. Even these types of hose bibs can freeze, so it’s essential to drain and insulate any pipes connected to them before winter arrives.
If your area experiences harsh winters, installing a frost-free outdoor faucet may be beneficial. These are designed to prevent water from freezing and creating ice dams or other issues with your home’s plumbing system.
Frost-proof hose bibs work by creating a separate water source from the cold part of the faucet, which prevents freezing and splitting in the pipes. They also feature rubber washers that press against the valve seat to further enhance protection.
Hose bibs come in a range of styles and sizes, so it’s important to find one that meets the demands of your plumbing system. Popular choices are 1/2″ and 3/4″, which will accommodate most standard home hoses.
When shopping for a hose bib, you should take into account the type of nozzle and handle you plan to use. Make sure your choice is durable and easy to maintain.
Some hose bibs come with built-in temperature controls to allow you to select the temperature of the water, which can be especially helpful if you want your dog’s bath in warm water. Doing this saves time and energy from having to rinse with cold water after each bath.
Compression Valve Faucets
Compression valves, the oldest type of faucet valve, work by using a washer attached to a stem that tightens against its seat to cut off water supply. When turned clockwise, however, this washer rises from its seat and allows water to flow into the faucet. Repairing compression valves is relatively inexpensive; all that needs to be done is replacing either the washer or packing at the upper portion where it exits the valve body.
Another less common but reliable type of faucet valve is the ceramic disc valve. This modern design features two rotating disks made from ceramic that align to release water. Although nearly indestructible, over time grease between them may wear out or washers and O-rings need replacing.
In addition to traditional valve types, there are anti-siphon and frost proof outdoor faucets that provide additional protection from freezing conditions. These products may be required by plumbing codes in regions prone to frequent freezing temperatures.
An anti-siphon faucet helps prevent dirty water from being siphoned back into clean lines that supply drinking water indoors. This feature is especially vital in older homes and buildings where a leak could contaminate the source of drinking water.
These valves feature handle stems attached to a long shaft that passes through the exterior wall and connects to plumbing lines inside the home. This enables the actual stem washer and valve seat to be situated on the warm side of the building’s exterior wall, protecting them from freezing temperatures.
These products tend to be more costly than other outdoor faucets, but they are worth the extra cost in cold climates. Furthermore, they help you meet plumbing code regulations which require backflow prevention mechanisms in new buildings; some homes already have one installed already, but if not, a plumber can easily install one for you.
Ball Valve Faucets
Ball valve faucets are an ideal option for homeowners who want to regulate the flow of water in their home. Not only are they durable and easy to maintain, but they come in various styles and finishes too.
A ball-valve spigot allows users to quickly turn on and off their water with just a quarter-turn, making it especially handy for seniors or people with limited mobility.
These spigots are typically constructed out of brass or stainless steel and designed to withstand extreme weather conditions without cracking. Furthermore, they require minimal installation effort and can be utilized in many different locations.
Another advantage of a ball-valve spigot is their ease of repair. A plumber can quickly and easily replace an outdated unit with a brand-new one.
Installing a ball-valve faucet can vary in cost depending on its model and size, as well as what type of installation is necessary. As these types of outdoor faucets require professional expertise, hiring an experienced plumber is recommended for this task.
If your climate regularly experiences freezing temperatures, a frost-proof spigot is recommended. These also come with a vacuum breaker to prevent backflow and contamination of your drinking water supply.
Spigots like these can be used for a range of outdoor activities, such as gardening, washing your car or power washing your home. Plus, they’re easy to clean since they won’t get stuck in dirt or mud.
Different outdoor faucets exist and each has its own advantages. Whether you need a single-handle or two-handle, hose bib or yard hydrant, there’s sure to be one type that works best for your needs.
When selecting a hose bib, you should take into account how often you use it and what purpose the water serves. For occasional use such as power washing your car or using it for power washing your home, an anti-siphon or frost-proof hose bib may be all that’s required.